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The effect of a short animated educational video on knowledge among glaucoma patients

Authors Al Owaifeer AM, Alrefaie SM, Alsawah ZM, Al Taisan AA, Mousa A, Ahmad SI

Received 23 December 2017

Accepted for publication 14 March 2018

Published 1 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 805—810

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S160684

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Adi Mohammed Al Owaifeer,1,2 Shaimaa Mohammed Alrefaie,3 Zainah Mohameddia Alsawah,3 Abdulaziz Ahmed Al Taisan,1 Ahmed Mousa,3 Sameer I Ahmad2,4,5

1Faculty of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia; 2King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 5Glaucoma Consultants of Washington, Herndon, VA, USA

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational video in increasing knowledge among glaucoma patients and to determine the factors that may influence a patient’s level of knowledge.
Patients and methods: This was a pre–post intervention study on adult glaucoma patients attending the outpatient service at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital. The intervention tested was a short educational video that was edited specifically for this study. All patients completed a pre-video and post-video knowledge questionnaire; moreover, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were obtained.
Results: The total number of patients included was 196. The mean age of patients was 55.7±15.5 years. Overall, 55.1% were males, 29.6% were illiterate, 85.2% resided in an urban area, 62.8% had a low income, and 41.8% were unemployed. The mean pre-intervention knowledge score was 6 out of 17, and the post-intervention score was 11.1 (P≤0.001). Predictors of a poor knowledge score were old age (>60 years), female sex, illiteracy, rural residence, low income, unemployment, and a negative family history of glaucoma.
Conclusion: The evaluated video intervention was effective in a short-term increase in knowledge among glaucoma patients. This tool may serve as an alternative to traditional educational methods.

Keywords: glaucoma, education, questionnaire, video, animation
 

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