The Combination Therapy of Fluorouracil and Oxaliplatin Suppress the Progression of Colon Cancer Through miR-183-5p/SOCS3 Axis and Downregulating PD-L1
Authors Tu C, Wang Y, Cheng X, Zhu Y, Yuan W, Dong J
Received 15 September 2020
Accepted for publication 20 January 2021
Published 25 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 1999—2008
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo
Changling Tu,1 Yufeng Wang,1 Xianshuo Cheng,2 Ying Zhu,1 Wenli Yuan,3 Jian Dong4
1Department of Cadres Medical Oncology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Yunnan Cancer Hospital, Yunnan Cancer Center, Kunming, 650118, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Colorectal Surgery, Third Affiliated Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Kunming, 650118, Yunnan, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, 650021, Yunnan, People’s Republic of China; 4The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Yunnan Cancer Hospital, Yunnan Cancer Center, Kunming, 650118, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Jian Dong
The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Yunnan Cancer Hospital, Yunnan Cancer Center, No. 519 Kun Zhou Road, Xishan District, Kunming, 650118, Yunnan, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of combination of fluorouracil (FU) and oxaliplatin (OXA) on the progression of colon cancer via miR-183-5p/SOCS3 axis and regulating PD-L1.
Methods: HCT116 cells were treated with 4 μM OXA and 10.5 μM FU, or exogenous regulation of the expression of miR-183-5p, SOCS3 and PD-L1 in HCT116 cells. CCK-8 assay was employed to detect cell viability of HCT116 cells. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the apoptosis and cell cycle. The expression level of SOCS3, PD-L1, chemokines (CCL1, CCL4 and CCL7) and immune escapes related proteins (EGFR, STARD1 and STARD3) in HCT116 cells were assessed by Western blotting. In addition, dual-luciferase reporter gene was carried out to verify the targeted relationship between miR-183-5p with SOCS3.
Results: Our study demonstrated that the combination of OXA and FU remarkably suppressed proliferation, promoted apoptosis and arrest cells in G0/G1 phrase of HCT116 cells, and observably downregulated the expression of PD-L1, CCL1, CCL4, CCL7, EGFR, STARD1 and STARD3. Meanwhile, the combination of OXA and FU significantly downregulated miR-183-5p expression. Knockdown of miR-183-5p also repressed the proliferation, promoted apoptosis and arrest cells in G0/G1 phrase of HCT116 cells, and downregulated the expression of PD-L1, CCL1, CCL4, CCL7, EGFR, STARD1 and STARD3. In addition, our study proved that miR-183-5p upregulated PD-L1 by targeting downregulated SOCS3 expression. Finally, we demonstrated that the combination therapy of OXA and FU inhibited the proliferation, promote apoptosis and arrest cells in G0/G1 phrase by downregulating PD-L1 via miR-183-5p/SOCS3 axis.
Conclusion: The combination therapy of OXA and FU could suppress the malignant biological behavior, and the mechanism was realized by inhibiting PD-L1 through miR-183-5p/SOCS3 axis.
Keywords: colon cancer, combination therapy, PD-L1, miR-183-5p, SOCS3
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