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The Clinical Implication of Vitamin D Nanomedicine for Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritoneal Damage

Authors Lee YC, Huang CT, Cheng FY, Hung SY, Lin TM, Tsai YC, Chen CI, Wang HK, Lin CW, Liou HH, Chang MY, Wang HH, Chiou YY

Received 14 May 2019

Accepted for publication 21 November 2019

Published 5 December 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 9665—9675


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mian Wang

Yi-Che Lee,1–3 Chih-Ting Huang,4 Fong-Yu Cheng,5 Shih-Yuan Hung,3,6 Tsun-Mei Lin,7 Yen-Chang Tsai,4 Chih-I Chen,8 Hao-Kuang Wang,9 Chi-Wei Lin,10 Hung-Hsiang Liou,11 Min-Yu Chang,3 Hsi-Hao Wang,3 Yuan-Yow Chiou4,12

1Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Dachang Hospital/ I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2School of Medicine, College of Medicine; 3Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Hospital/ I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 5Department of Chemistry, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan; 6School of Medicine for International Students; 7Department of Laboratory Medicine; 8Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery; 9Department of Neurosurgery; 10Department of Medical Education, E-DA Hospital/ I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 11Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Hsin-Jen Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan; 12Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan

Correspondence: Yi-Che Lee
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Hospital/I-Shou University, No.1, Yida Road, Jiaosu Village, Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City 82445, Taiwan, ROC
Tel +886-7-6150011 ext. 5121
Yuan-Yow Chiou
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Medical College, No. 138, Sheng-Li Road, Tainan City 701, Taiwan, ROC
Tel +886-6-2353535 ext. 4184
Fax +886-6-2753083

Purpose: Vitamin D is a novel potential therapeutic agent for peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritoneal fibrosis, but it can induce hypercalcemia and vascular calcification, which limits its applicability. In this study, we create nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems to investigate its therapeutics and side effects.
Materials and methods: 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N- [amino-(polyethylene glycol)2000] (DSPE-PEG) and L-α-phosphatidylcholine (PC), which packages with 1α,25(OH)2D3, were used to construct vitamin D nanoliposomes. To confirm the function and safety of vitamin D nanoliposomes, peritoneal mesothelial cells were treated with TGF-β1 and the reverse was attempted using vitamin D nanoliposomes. Antibodies (Ab) against the peritoneum-glycoprotein M6A (GPM6A) Ab were conjugated with vitamin D nanoliposomes. These particles were implanted into mice by intraperitoneal injection and the animals were monitored for the distribution and side effects induced by vitamin D.
Results: Vitamin D nanoliposomes were taken up by the mesothelial cells over time without cell toxicity and it also provided the same therapeutic effect in vitro. In vivo study, fluorescent imaging showed vitamin D nanoliposomes allow specific peritoneum target effect and also ameliorate vitamin D side effect.
Conclusion: Nanoliposomes vitamin D delivery systems for the prevention of PD-related peritoneal damage may be a potential clinical strategy in the future.

Keywords: peritoneal dialysis, nanoliposome, vitamin D, fibrosis

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