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The causes, consequences, and treatment of left or right heart failure

Authors Peteiro J, Peteiro-Vzquez J, Gacia-Campos A, Garcia-Bueno L, Abugattas-de-Torres JP, Castro-Beiras A

Published 4 April 2011 Volume 2011:7 Pages 237—254

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S10669

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Pablo Pazos-López, Jesús Peteiro-Vázquez, Ana Carcía-Campos, Lourdes García-Bueno, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Alfonso Castro-Beiras
Department of Cardiology, Complejo hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain

Abstract: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a cardiovascular disease of cardinal importance because of several factors: a) an increasing occurrence due to the aging of the population, primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events, and modern advances in therapy, b) a bad prognosis: around 65% of patients are dead within 5 years of diagnosis, c) a high economic cost: HF accounts for 1% to 2% of total health care expenditure. This review focuses on the main causes, consequences in terms of morbidity, mortality and costs and treatment of HF.

Keywords: heart failure, cause, consequence, treatment

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