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The Biological-Behavioral Effect Of Neuritin On Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Vascular Endothelial Cells Via VEGFR And Notch1

Authors Zhang Q, Zhang J, Zhang J, Aerxiding P, Quhai A, Chen C, Shan L

Received 18 April 2019

Accepted for publication 6 September 2019

Published 20 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 9747—9755

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S212771

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Shreya Arora

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Jianmin Xu


Qiao Zhang,1 Juan Zhang,2 Jian Zhang,3 Patiguli Aerxiding,1 Amina Quhai,1 Cuncun Chen,4 Li Shan1

1Department of Thoraciconcology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Tumor Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, First People’s Hospital of Kashgar, Xinjiang 844000, People’s Republic of China; 3Health Corps of the People’s Liberation Army 69260 Troops, Urumqi, Xinjiang, 830002, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Thoracic Surgery, Chest Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830049, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Cuncun Chen
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Chest Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830049, People’s Republic of China
Tel +0991-7500419
Fax +860991-7860085
Email chenpuyingxiong@yeah.net

Li Shan
Department of Thoraciconcology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Tumor Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, People’s Republic of China
Tel +8613609989394
Fax +860991-7819342
Email shanlinew319@163.com

Purpose: This study aims to elucidate the biological behavior of Neuritin abnormal expression in pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (VECs) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and explore its possible underlying mechanisms.
Patients and methods: Primary NSCLC-VECs were isolated from 10 cancer tissues from NSCLC patients, purified and identified by CD34 and Factor VIII staining. Real-time PCR and Western-blot were adopted for detecting the expression levels of Neuritin, Notch1, and VEGFR in NSCLC-VECs and HPMECs. Neuritin-overexpression, Neuritin-knockdown NSCLC-VECs and HPMECs were constructed by transfection of pcDNA3, 1-Neuritin vector, and pBS/U6-Neuritin siRNA. Changes in cell proliferation, migration, cell cycle, and apoptosis were determined by using the MTT assay, scratch assay, transwell migration assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. Post-transfection changes in cell morphology were examined by scanning electron microscopy.
Results: The expression of Neuritin in NSCLC-VECs was significantly higher compared to that in HPMECs (p<0.01). Overexpression of Neuritin increased the expression of VEGFR while it reduced the expression of Notch1 (p<0.01); it also promoted cell proliferation, scratch healing, and in vitro migration (p<0.05) in HPMECs and NSCLC-VECs cells. Additionally, overexpression of Neuritin stimulated cell cycle progression and inhibited apoptosis in HPMECs and NSCLC-VECs (p<0.001). Under electron microscope, the pseudopodium of cell surface was obvious, indicating that the intercellular adhesion was upregulated. However, knockdown of Neuritin in HPMECs and NSCLC-VECs played exactly the opposite roles.
Conclusion: Neuritin was key in the progression of NSCLC through its biological activities, including anti-apoptosis, promoting VEC proliferation, migration, and cell cycle progression. Neuritin may affect its biological activity by positively regulating VEGFR expression and negatively regulating Notch1 signaling. Neuritin may serve as a potential biomarker for NSCLC.

Keywords: neuritin, non-small cell lung cancer, Notch1, VEGF

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