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The association between stress and acne among female medical students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors Zari S, Alrahmani Dana

Received 7 August 2017

Accepted for publication 6 November 2017

Published 5 December 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 503—506


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg

Shadi Zari,1,2 Dana Alrahmani3

1Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 2Adjunct Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; 3Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Although there is widespread acceptance of a relationship between stress and acne, not many studies have been performed to assess this relationship. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between stress and acne severity.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 144 6th year female medical students 22 to 24 years in age attending the medical faculty at King Abdulaziz University. This study used the global acne grading system (GAGS) to assess acne severity in relation to stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). The questionnaire also included some confounding factors involved in acne severity.
The results indicated an increase in stress severity strongly correlated with an increase in acne severity, which was statistically significant (p<0.01). Subjects with higher stress scores, determined using the PSS, had higher acne severity when examined and graded using the GAGS.
Conclusion: On the basis of this study, it is concluded that stress positively correlates with acne severity.

Keywords: acne, acne vulgaris, acne severity, acne grade, stress, stress scale

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