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The applicability of home blood pressure measurement in clinical practice: A review of literature

Authors Willem J Verberk, Abraham A Kroon, Heidi A Jongen-Vancraybex, Peter W de Leeuw

Published 15 January 2008 Volume 2007:3(6) Pages 959—966

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Willem J Verberk, Abraham A Kroon, Heidi A Jongen-Vancraybex, Peter W de Leeuw

University Hospital Maastricht, Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University, The Netherlands

Purpose: To review the literature on home blood pressure measurement (HBPM), to examine its validity and applicability for clinical practice and to provide recommendations regarding HBPM assessment.

Findings: HBPM can eliminate the white coat effect and offers the possibility to obtain multiple measurements under standardized conditions, which increases knowledge of overall blood pressure value. Although it is not entirely capable of replacing ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM), HBPM correlates better with target organ damage and cardiovascular mortality than office blood pressure measurement (OBPM), it enables prediction of sustained hypertension in patients with borderline hypertension, and proves to be an appropriate tool for assessing drug efficacy. Additional advantages of HBPM are that it may increase drug compliance and patient’s awareness of hypertension. Overall, OBPM yield higher blood pressure values than HBPM. Differences between OBPM and HBPM tend to increase with age and are generally higher in patients without antihypertensive treatment than in patients with antihypertensive treatment.

Recommendations: Measurements should be performed according to accepted guidelines and recordings should be performed with a memory equipped automatic validated device. From the data reviewed here, we recommend that HBPM be assessed monthly by taking two measurements in the morning within 1 hour after awakening and two in the evening for three consecutive days, the data from the first day should be dismissed. A subject should be labeled hypertensive if his/her HBPM value is equal to or greater than 137 mmHg systolic and/or 84 mmHg diastolic.

Keywords: blood pressure, hypertension, self-measurement, home measurement, ambulatory measurement, adherence

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