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Orthodontic Intrusion Using Temporary Anchorage Devices Compared to Other Orthodontic Intrusion Methods: A Systematic Review

Authors AlMaghlouth B, AlMubarak A, Almaghlouth I, AlKhalifah R, Alsadah A, Hassan A

Received 28 September 2020

Accepted for publication 10 December 2020

Published 11 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 11—19


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri

Basma AlMaghlouth, 1 Aqilah AlMubarak, 1 Ibrahim Almaghlouth, 2 Reem AlKhalifah, 3 Amal Alsadah, 4 Ali Hassan 5

1Orthodontic Department, Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Pediatric Endocrinology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Dental Department, Ministry of Health, Hafr Al Batin, Saudi Arabia; 5Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Ali Hassan Email [email protected]

Objective: To systemically review all clinical trials that evaluate the effectiveness of orthodontic intrusion using bone anchorage devices versus using other orthodontic techniques in adult patients.
Material and Methods: All randomized, controlled clinical trials and prospective studies that compare the use of TADs in intrusion versus alternative devices from the year 2000 to 2019 were searched using various electronic databases. Databases used include Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus, Lilacs, and ScienceDirect. Selection was initially made by reading the titles and abstracts of potential suitable studies. The final selection was made after reading the full retrieved articles. A methodological score developed by Lagravère was used to assess the quality of evidence. The selection process was illustrated using a PRISMA flow chart.
Results: A total of 3942 articles were retrieved, from which only two randomized clinical trials met the inclusion criteria. This presented a low to medium level of evidence to support the hypothesis that TADs are more effective than other orthodontic intrusion techniques for intruding upper incisors and improving upper incisor to lip relation while eliminating the adverse effect of compromising vertical posterior anchorage. Shorter treatment times and less root resorption were found in the TAD group.
Conclusion: There is insufficient evidence to state that TADs can be used as orthodontic anchorage to effectively intrude the incisors without the need for patient cooperation. Future high quality prospective randomized clinical trials are required.

Keywords: orthodontic intrusion, temporary anchorage devices, mini-implants, mini-screw

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