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Technology update: intracardiac echocardiography – a review of the literature

Authors Vitulano N, Pazzano V, Pelargonio G, Narducci ML

Received 19 September 2014

Accepted for publication 24 November 2014

Published 27 May 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 231—239


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Nicola Vitulano, Vincenzo Pazzano, Gemma Pelargonio, Maria Lucia Narducci

Institute of Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy

Abstract: The development of new imaging tools helps in better investigation of cardiac structures and function by showing detailed images during interventional procedures. Intracardiac echocardiography plays a pivotal role as an intraoperative real-time imaging tool during invasive cardiac procedures. Initially, this echocardiographic technique was particularly useful when transthoracic image quality was insufficient and to avoid general anesthesia for transesophageal imaging. Nowadays, intracardiac echocardiography is routinely used in several cardiac invasive laboratories to support several types of procedures, such as extraction and implantation of cardiac devices, electrophysiological mapping, ablation, and endomyocardial biopsies. This review gives an overview of the basic principles of intracardiac echocardiography and examines its applications in the different settings of invasive cardiology.

Keywords: ICE, cardiovascular imaging, electrophysiology, invasive cardiology

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