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Targeted regulation of MiR-98 on E2F1 increases chemosensitivity of leukemia cells K562/A02

Authors Huang YD, Hong XL, Hu J, Lu Q

Received 5 November 2016

Accepted for publication 15 May 2017

Published 29 June 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 3233—3239


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Ru Chen

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ingrid Espinoza

Yingdan Huang,1,2 Xiuli Hong,2 Jiasheng Hu,2 Quanyi Lu2

Department of Blood Transfusion, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 2Department of Hematology, Zhongshan Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, People’s Republic of China

miRNA is a microRNA that negatively regulates protein expression at post-transcriptional or translational level. It is widely involved in the pathogenesis of tumors. miR-98 belongs to the let-7 family, and its overexpression can increase the sensitivity to drugs in solid cancer cells. However, the function of miR-98 in leukemia is still unclear. In this study, the effect of miR-98 on drug resistance and proliferation of leukemia cells were investigated.
Methods: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyzed the expression difference between miR-98 and E2F1 in leukemia cell lines, K562 and K562/A02. The downstream target gene of miR-98 was predicted by TargetScan; K562/A02 was transiently transfected with miR-98 mimic to upregulate the expression of miR-98; real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were used to analyze the expression alterations of E2F1; cell counting kit-8 was used to evaluate the influence on K562/A02 proliferation and sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs; meanwhile, Western blot was used to analyze the expression of p21, Bax, matrix metalloproteinase 9 and ABCG2 proteins.
Results: E2F1 is one of the target genes of miR-98 proved by bioinformatics. Compared with the K562, the level of miRNA-98 expression was decreased in K562/A02, but the level of E2F1 expression was upregulated. Leukemia cell line K562/A02 was transfected with miR-98 mimic to upregulate the expression of miR-98, the expression of E2F1 was significantly decreased. After upregulating the miR-98 expression in K562/A02, the proliferation was weakened, and the sensitivity to chemotherapy was increased. Western blot showed that upregulated miR-98 expression increased the levels of p21 and BAX proteins in K562/A02 cells, and decreased the levels of matrix metalloprotease 9 and ABCG2 proteins, which were significantly different compared with those before miR-98 mimic transfection.
In the leukemia drug-resistant cell line K562/A02, the targeted upregulated expression of miR-98 could decrease the proliferation of leukemia cells and improve the sensitivity to chemotherapeutics by inhibiting E2F1 expression. miR-98 might be a potential target for overcoming leukemia multidrug resistance.

Keywords: miRNA-98, leukemia cells, E2F1, drug resistance, K562/A02

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