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Synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial properties of copper nanoparticles

Authors Usman M, El Zowalaty M, Shameli K, Zainuddin N, Salama M, Ibrahim NA

Received 1 July 2013

Accepted for publication 20 July 2013

Published 21 November 2013 Volume 2013:8(1) Pages 4467—4479

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S50837

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Video abstract presented by Muhammad Sani Usman and Mohamed Ezzat El Zowalaty.

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Muhammad Sani Usman,1 Mohamed Ezzat El Zowalaty,2,5 Kamyar Shameli,1,3 Norhazlin Zainuddin,1 Mohamed Salama,4 Nor Azowa Ibrahim1

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 2Laboratory of Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Materials and Energy, Research Center, Karaj, Iran; 4Faculty of Pharmacy, UiTM, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Copper nanoparticle synthesis has been gaining attention due to its availability. However, factors such as agglomeration and rapid oxidation have made it a difficult research area. In the present work, pure copper nanoparticles were prepared in the presence of a chitosan stabilizer through chemical means. The purity of the nanoparticles was authenticated using different characterization techniques, including ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The antibacterial as well as antifungal activity of the nanoparticles were investigated using several microorganisms of interest, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella choleraesuis, and Candida albicans. The effect of a chitosan medium on growth of the microorganism was studied, and this was found to influence growth rate. The size of the copper nanoparticles obtained was in the range of 2–350 nm, depending on the concentration of the chitosan stabilizer.

Keywords: chitosan, copper nanoparticles, antimicrobial activity, chemical synthesis, aqueous medium

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