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Surgical injury: comparing open surgery and laparoscopy by markers of tissue damage

Authors Máca J, Peteja M, Reimer P, Jor O, Šeděnková V, Panáčková L, Ihnát P, Burda M, Ševčík P

Received 5 October 2017

Accepted for publication 12 February 2018

Published 30 May 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 999—1006

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S153359

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Hoa Le

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh


Jan Máca,1 Matúš Peteja,2 Petr Reimer,1 Ondřej Jor,1 Věra Šeděnková,1 Lucie Panáčková,1 Peter Ihnát,2 Michal Burda,3 Pavel Ševčík1

1Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 2The Clinic of Surgery, University Hospital Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 3Institute for Research and Applications of Fuzzy Modeling, Centre of Excellence IT4Innovations, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic

Background: Major abdominal surgery (MAS) is high-risk intervention usually accompanied by tissue injury leading to a release of signaling danger molecules called alarmins. This study evaluates the surgical injury caused by two fundamental types of gastrointestinal surgical procedures (open surgery and laparoscopy) in relation to the inflammation elicited by alarmins.
Patients and methods: Patients undergoing MAS were divided into a mixed laparoscopy group (LPS) and an open surgery group (LPT). Serum levels of alarmins (S100A8, S100A12, HMGB1, and HSP70) and biomarkers (leukocytes, C-reactive protein [CRP], and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were analyzed between the groups. The secondary objectives were to compare LPT and LPS cancer subgroups and to find the relationship between procedure and outcome (intensive care unit length of stay [ICU-LOS] and hospital length of stay [H-LOS]).
Results: A total of 82 patients were analyzed. No significant difference was found in alarmin levels between the mixed LPS and LPT groups. IL-6 was higher in the LPS group on day 2 (p=0.03) and day 3 (p=0.04). Significantly higher S100A8 protein levels on day 1 (p=0.02) and day 2 (p=0.01) and higher S100A12 protein levels on day 2 (p=0.03) were obtained in the LPS cancer subgroup. ICU-LOS and H-LOS were longer in the LPS cancer subgroup.
Conclusion: The degree of surgical injury elicited by open MAS as reflected by alarmins is similar to that of laparoscopic procedures. Nevertheless, an early biomarker of inflammation (IL-6) was higher in the laparoscopy group, suggesting a greater inflammatory response. Moreover, the levels of S100A8 and S100A12 were higher with a longer ICU-LOS and H-LOS in the LPS cancer subgroup.

Keywords: open surgery, laparoscopy, gastrointestinal surgery, alarmins, surgical injury, major surgery

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