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Successful treatment for acute prosthetic joint infection due to MRSA and Candida albicans: a case report and literature review

Authors Xiang Y, Xuan YY, Li G

Received 11 February 2018

Accepted for publication 17 April 2018

Published 20 June 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 1133—1139


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang

Yong Xiang,1 Yi-Yi Xuan,2 Guangheng Li1

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Candidal prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are very rare, and the optimal management for these patients is still unknown. A 54-year-old man with traumatic arthritis due to previous electric injury successfully retained the implant despite the successive infection with MRSA and Candida albicans after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Continuous lavage with vancomycin was used to control MRSA infection and repeated local washout plus oral swallow with voriconazole tablet were administered to eradicate C. albicans. Additional three reported cases were identified by the criteria of selecting patients with concomitant and/or successive MRSA and Candidal PJIs. Different methods were applied with variable outcomes. Therefore, several risk factors such as intra-articular corticosteroid injection, high frequency of door openings in the operating room, excessive blood loss and allogeneic red blood cell transfusions should be avoided. Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) can be an alternative in dedicated patients to control acute MRSA and Candidal PJIs. Particularly, repeated intra-articular washout with susceptible drugs and a prolonged duration of oral antibiotics was essential for microbial control.

Keywords: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Candida, prosthetic joint infection, arthroplasty

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