Submental Intubations in Panfacial Fractures
Received 22 August 2019
Accepted for publication 31 January 2020
Published 19 February 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 41—48
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri
Ravish Mishra,1 Deepak Yadav,1 Shashank Tripathi,1 Laxmi Kandel,1 Pawan Puspa Baral,2 Snigdha Shubham,3 Abhishek Karn,4 Kishor Dutta5
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, UCMS College of Dental Surgery, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal; 2Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal; 3Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, UCMS College of Dental Surgery, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal; 4Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal; 5Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, UCMS College of Dental Surgery, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal
Correspondence: Ravish Mishra
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, UCMS College of Dental Surgery, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal
Tel +977 98 44616364
Introduction: Airway management in patients with panfacial fracture remains a challenge to anesthesiologists and surgeons. Submental intubation is an effective and less invasive alternative to tracheostomy during intraoperative airway management where orotracheal and nasotracheal intubation are not appropriate options. In addition, submental intubation allows proper access to oronasal airways and occlusion during intraoperative management.
Methods: The descriptive retrospective study was carried out and evaluated the outcomes of submental intubation in the management of panfacial fracture, complex maxillary or mandible fracture associated with nasal bone fracture and naso-orbito-ethmoid (NOE) fracture. The medical records of 23 patients who received submental endotracheal intubation were reviewed at UCMS College of Dental Surgery, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal from March 2014 to December 2018. The following parameters were evaluated: mode of trauma, time required for intubation, accidental extubation, accidental perforation of the pilot balloon during its insertion, period of hospital stay, post-operative complications, such as the healing of submental scars both intraorally and extraorally.
Results: The submental intubation was successfully done in all patients with minimal obvious post-operative complications. The mode of trauma for majority of cases of panfacial fracture who underwent submental intubation was road traffic accident (69.56%). The mean time required for intubation was 8.43 (± 0.84) minutes. No accidental extubations occurred. Accidental perforation of the pilot balloon was seen in one patient (4.35%) during tube manipulation which was managed successfully by changing the tube. The healing of submental scars was uneventful intraorally and extraorally in almost every case. The mean period of hospital stay in patients with submental intubation was 7.95 (± 1.49) days.
Discussion: Submental intubation is an effective and safe method as it is not associated with complications of tracheostomy during management of panfacial fracture, NOE fracture and craniofacial fracture. In addition, it does not interfere with IMF during intraoperative period.
Keywords: panfacial fracture, submental intubation, intermaxillary fixation, airway management
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