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Study On Potential Factors Of Patient Satisfaction: Based On Exploratory Factor Analysis

Authors Liu L, Fang J

Received 21 August 2019

Accepted for publication 26 September 2019

Published 27 November 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1983—1994

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S228073

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Nicola Ludin

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu


Video abstract presented by Jinming Fang.

Views: 21

Ling Liu,1 Jinming Fang2,3

1Scientific Research Department, The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430033, People’s Republic of China; 2Wuhan Fourth Hospital, Pu’ai Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430033, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jinming Fang Tel +86 18986201808
Email fangjinming1983@126.com

Objective: To explore the potential common factors of patient satisfaction and the influencing factor of it.
Methods: A questionnaire survey was organized and 2626 valid answers were obtained. Through correlation analysis and exploratory factor analysis, the potential factors of patient satisfaction were extracted.
Results: Potential factors of patient satisfaction include “Medical service quality factor”, “Medical expenditure factor”, and “Medical convenience factor”. Patients younger than 35 years old were more concerned about the medical expenditure, and patients aged from 36 to 50 years old were more concerned about medical service quality. Patients with high reimbursement ratio insurance payed more attention to medical quality, and patients with lower reimbursement ratio insurance were dissatisfied with medical expenses. Patients were dissatisfied with the expenditure of the high-level hospitals and the medical quality of low-level hospitals. Outpatient’s satisfaction was lower than Inpatients in all aspects. Hierarchical diagnosis system was not established, and registration channels were highly centralized in the hospital.
Conclusion: Three potential factors can well explain patients’ demands for the quality, price and convenience of medical services. According to social-demographic characteristics, people of different groups have different concerns. Medical reform departments should adjust policies according to the actual situation and promote the medical reform process.

Keywords: public policy, health care reform, hospitals, urban, patient satisfaction

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