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Stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines by volatile sulfur compounds in endodontically treated teeth

Authors Lechner J, von Baehr V

Received 18 November 2014

Accepted for publication 22 December 2014

Published 10 March 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 109—118

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S77693

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Johann Lechner,1 Volker von Baehr2

1Clinic for Integrative Dentistry, Munich, Germany; 2Compartment of Immunology and Allergology, Institute for Medical Diagnostics, Berlin, Germany

Abstract: Persistent microorganisms in endodontically treated teeth produce volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) such as methyl mercaptan, hydrogen sulfide, and thioether. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the ex vivo immune response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to sulfur compounds in 354 patients with systemic diseases. These systemic findings are correlated with semiquantitative values of a VSC indicator applied directly on endodontically treated teeth. Data elucidate the role of VSC in patients with immunologic diseases and the role of a semiquantitative chairside test, like the VSC indicator presented here, in correlation to IFNg and IL-10 sensitization in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The association between ex vivo-stimulated cytokines and endodontically derived sulfur components is supported by the fact that the number of interferon gamma- and/or interleukin-10-positive sensitized patients declined significantly 3–8 months after extraction of the corresponding teeth.

Keywords: mercaptan, hydrogen sulfide, thioether, interferon gamma, interleukin 10

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