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Star Circular RNAs In Human Cancer: Progress And Perspectives

Authors Cheng Y, Sun H, Wang H, Jiang W, Tang W, Lu C, Zhang W, Chen Z, Lv C

Received 11 May 2019

Accepted for publication 20 September 2019

Published 7 October 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 8249—8261

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S215390

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yao Dai


Ye Cheng,1,* Hanzhi Sun,1,* Hanjin Wang,1,* Wei Jiang,1 Weiwei Tang,1 Chen Lu,1 Wenling Zhang,2 Ziyi Chen,3 Chengyu Lv1

1Department of General Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gastroenterology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of General Surgery, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Chengyu Lv
Department of General Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China
Email lcy_1234@aliyun.com
Ziyi Chen
Department of General Surgery, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China
Email dr_czy@126.com

Abstract: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a recently discovered subclass of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) characterized by a covalently closed loop structure created by reverse splicing. Because they do not have a 5ʹ cap structure and a 3ʹ poly A tail, circRNAs have higher stability, abundance and evolutionary conservation than linear RNA between species. These features produce various potential biological functions of circRNAs, such as miRNA sponges, RNA-binding proteins that form RNA protein complexes. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that circRNAs play a vital role in the occurrence and development of human diseases. At the same time, their enormous potential as a biomarker and therapeutic target is also evolving. The purpose of this review is to summarize existing cancer-associated circRNAs and to try to find circRNAs that are abnormally expressed in many cancers. Therefore, we reviewed previous circRNAs studies related to cancer and selected them by statistics. The eight circRNAs that have the highest frequency in different cancers or involve key pathways are called star circRNAs. Here, we review the classification, features, and functions of emerging star circRNAs, with particular attention to the role of circRNAs in various cancers.

Keywords: circular RNA, cancer, targeted therapy, diagnosis

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