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Spotlight on taliglucerase alfa in the treatment of pediatric patients with type 1 Gaucher disease

Authors Gupta P, Pastores GM

Received 6 February 2017

Accepted for publication 27 March 2017

Published 16 June 2017 Volume 2017:8 Pages 73—81

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PHMT.S93634

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roosy Aulakh

Punita Gupta,1 Gregory M Pastores2

1Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, St. Joseph’s Children’s Hospital, Paterson, New Jersey, USA; 2National Center for Inherited Metabolic Disorders, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Abstract: Gaucher disease (GD) is a heritable storage disorder caused by functional defects of the lysosomal acid β-glucosidase and the accumulation of glucosylceramide within macrophages, resulting in multiple organ dysfunction. There are three commercially available enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) products for the treatment of GD type 1 (GD1): imiglucerase, velaglucerase alfa, and taliglucerase alfa. Imiglucerase and velaglucerase alfa are produced in different mammalian cell systems; imiglucerase requires postproduction deglycosylation to expose terminal α-mannose residues, which are required for mannose receptor-mediated uptake by target macrophages. These steps are critical to the success of ERT for the treatment of visceral and hematologic manifestations of GD. Taliglucerase alfa is the first US Food and Drug Administration-approved plant-cell-expressed recombinant human protein, using carrot root cell cultures. Furthermore, it does not require postproduction glycosidic modifications. It is indicated for treatment of adults with GD1 in the US, Israel, Australia, Canada, Chile, Brazil, and other countries, and it is additionally approved for the treatment of pediatric patients in the US, Australia, and Canada and for the treatment of hematologic manifestations in pediatric patients with Type 3 GD in Canada and other countries. Our review focuses on the role of taliglucerase alfa in the pediatric population. A literature search through PubMed (from 1995 up till November 2016) of English language articles was performed with the following terms: Gaucher disease, lysosomal storage disease, taliglucerase. Secondary and tertiary references were obtained by reviewing related articles as well as the website www.Clinicaltrials.gov. It has been demonstrated that taliglucerase alfa is efficacious, with a well-established safety profile in pediatric, ERT-naïve patients with symptomatic GD1, as well as for those patients previously treated with imiglucerase.

Keywords: Gaucher disease, enzyme replacement therapy, taliglucerase alfa, pediatrics

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