Back to Journals » International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease » Volume 13

Social economic costs of COPD in Extremadura (Spain): an observational study

Authors Merino M, Villoro R, Hidalgo-Vega A, Carmona C

Received 6 March 2018

Accepted for publication 1 June 2018

Published 21 August 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 2501—2514

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S167357

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell


María Merino,1 Renata Villoro,1 Álvaro Hidalgo-Vega,1,2 Concepción Carmona3

1Weber Foundation, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain; 2Department of Economic Analysis and Finances, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain; 3Extremadura Health Service, Mérida, Badajoz, Spain

Purpose: COPD has been associated with a high number of comorbidities and a relatively high level of health care resource utilization. This study aimed to estimate the social economic impact of COPD in the autonomous community of Extremadura (Spain) in 2015.
Patients and methods: This is a retrospective observational study carried out using a representative sample of patients diagnosed with COPD in Extremadura. Sociodemographic data, data on health care resource utilization, formal and informal care received by the patients, and loss of labor productivity in the last 12 months were collected through an electronic data collection platform. Direct health care costs were estimated using the bottom-up approach, costs of informal care were assessed using the substitution method, and labor productivity losses were calculated using the human capital method.
Results: A sample of 386 patients was obtained (mean age: 71.8±10.3 years, males: 76.2%). The results show an average annual cost per patient of 3,077 euros. Direct health care costs represented 43.8% (1,645 euros), direct non-health care costs amounted to 38.3% (1,440 euros), and labor productivity losses represented 17.9% (672 euros) of the average annual cost. The total annual cost of patients with COPD in Extremadura reached 36.2 million euros in 2015.
Conclusion: COPD poses a significant burden for the health care system and the society of Extremadura. The implementation of preventive and control measures could result in a substantial reduction in the economic impact.

Keywords: COPD, social costs, health care resource utilization, informal care, labor productivity losses

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]