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Skin, fascias, and scars: symptoms and systemic connections

Authors Bordoni B, Zanier E

Received 12 August 2013

Accepted for publication 17 September 2013

Published 28 December 2013 Volume 2014:7 Pages 11—24

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S52870

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Bruno Bordoni,1 Emiliano Zanier2

1Rehabilitation Cardiology Institute of Hospitalization and Care with Scientific Address, S Maria Nascente Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation. CRESOOsteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, 2EdiAcademy, Milano, Italy. CRESO Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies

Abstract: Every element or cell in the human body produces substances that communicate and respond in an autocrine or paracrine mode, consequently affecting organs and structures that are seemingly far from each other. The same also applies to the skin. In fact, when the integrity of the skin has been altered, or when its healing process is disturbed, it becomes a source of symptoms that are not merely cutaneous. The skin is an organ, and similar to any other structure, it has different functions in addition to connections with the central and peripheral nervous system. This article examines pathological responses produced by scars, analyzing definitions and differences. At the same time, it considers the subcutaneous fascias, as this connective structure is altered when there is a discontinuous cutaneous surface. The consequence is an ample symptomatology, which is not limited to the body area where the scar is located, such as a postural or trigeminal disorder.

Keywords: fascia, scarring, osteopathic, skin, scar

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