Siva 1 Inhibits Cervical Cancer Progression and Its Clinical Prognosis Significance
Received 30 September 2019
Accepted for publication 5 December 2019
Published 15 January 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 303—311
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Rudolph Navari
Ting Liu, 1 Yifei Ma, 2 Zhiling Wang, 1 Wenjing Zhang, 1 Xingsheng Yang 1
1Department of Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250013, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Xingsheng Yang
Department of Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 107 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012, People’s Republic of China
Background: Cervical cancer is the second most common female malignancies. But the exact etiology of cervical cancer is still under investigation. Recent observations revealed that the loss expression of Siva 1 was related to several different types of tumors. It could play an indispensable role in both exogenous and endogenous apoptotic signaling pathways. Nevertheless, the relationship between Siva 1 expression and cervical cancer progression has not yet been fully clarified. This study aimed to explore the functional role of Siva1 in cervical cancer.
Materials and Methods: In this present experiment, expression of Siva 1 was detected in 87 cervical cancer, 34 CIN and 20 normal samples by immunohistochemistry. The correlation of Siva 1 expression and overall survival times (OS) was analyzed by Kaplan–Meier analysis. We up-regulated the expression of Siva 1 by plasmid pCMV3-Siva 1 in C33A cells. CCK8, flow cytometry, wound-healing, and transwell assays were performed to examine the influences of Siva 1 expression on cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion.
Results: The expression of Siva 1 was decreased in cervical cancer tissues compared with CIN and normal tissues. In addition, the Siva 1 immunoreactivity was significantly associated with tumor differentiation. Patients with Siva 1 negative staining exhibited a significantly decreased overall survival. Then, we established stable Siva 1 ectopic expression cells, and we found that elevated expression of Siva 1 promoted apoptosis, inhibited proliferation, and suppressed migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells.
Conclusion: The present study revealed a crucial role of Siva 1 in tumor progression and it may be a valuable prognostic indicator of cervical cancer.
Keywords: cervical cancer, Siva 1, prognosis, proliferation, apoptosis
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