Sinomenine Inhibits the Growth of Ovarian Cancer Cells Through the Suppression of Mitosis by Down-Regulating the Expression and the Activity of CDK1
Received 28 September 2020
Accepted for publication 8 December 2020
Published 5 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 823—834
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr XuYu Yang
Xiaoyan Qu,1,* Bing Yu,2,* Mengmei Zhu,2,* Xiaomei Li,2,3 Lishan Ma,1 Chuyin Liu,1 Yixing Zhang,1 Zhongping Cheng4
1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Yangpu Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200090, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Cell Biology, Navy Medical University (Second Military Medical University), Shanghai, 200433, People’s Republic of China; 3Cancer Research Laboratory, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, 563003, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200072, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Zhongping Cheng
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 301 Yanchang Middle Road, Shanghai, 200072, People’s Republic of China
Introduction: Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecological cancers worldwide. While, therapies against ovarian cancer have not been completely effective, sinomenine has been proved to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells. However, study of its anti-ovarian cancer effect is still rare, and the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. Therefore, we aim to explore the mechanism of sinomenine anti-ovarian cancer.
Materials and Methods: The effect of anti-ovarian cancer HeyA8 cells was analyzed by CCK8 and colony formation assay. The mechanism of sinomenine anti-ovarian cancer was explored via high throughput RNA-seq, and then the target mRNA and protein expression were verified by real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively.
Results: We found that the proliferation and clone formation ability of ovarian cancer HeyA8 cells were markedly reduced by 1.56 mM sinomenine. The transcriptome analysis showed that 2679 genes were differentially expressed after sinomenine treatment in HeyA8 cells, including 1323 down-regulated genes and 1356 up-regulated genes. Gene ontology and KEGG pathway enrichment indicated that differential expression genes (DEGs) between the groups of sinomenine and DMSO-treated HeyA8 cells were mainly involved in the process of the cell cycle, such as kinetochore organization, chromosome segregation, and DNA replication. Strikingly, the top 18 ranked degree genes in the protein–protein interaction (PPI) network were mainly involved in the process of mitosis, such as sister chromatid segregation, condensed chromosome, and microtubule cytoskeleton organization. Moreover, real-time PCR results showed consistent expression trends of DEGs with transcriptome analysis. The results of Western blot showed the expression level of CDK1, which was the highest degree gene in PPI and the main regulator controlling the process of mitosis, and the levels of phosphorylated P-CDK (Thr161) and P-Histone H3 (Ser10) were decreased after being treated with sinomenine.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that sinomenine inhibited the proliferation of HeyA8 cells through suppressing mitosis by down-regulating the expression and the activity of CDK1. The study may provide a preliminary research basis for the application of sinomenine in anti-ovarian cancer.
Keywords: ovarian cancer, sinomenine, high throughput RNA-seq, CDK1, cell proliferation
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