Silver nanoparticles modify VEGF signaling pathway and mucus hypersecretion in allergic airway inflammation
Sunhyae Jang1,*, Ji Won Park2,*, Hye Rim Cha1, Sun Young Jung1, Jeong Eun Lee1, Sung Soo Jung1, Ju Ock Kim1, Sun Young Kim1, Choong Sik Lee3, Hee Sun Park1
1Division of Pulmonology, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Medical School, Daejeon, 2Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Daejeon St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon, 3Department of Pathology, Chungnam National University Medical School, Daejeon, South Korea
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Abstract: The anti-inflammatory action of silver nanoparticles (NPs) has been reported in a murine model of asthma in a previous study. But more specific mechanisms of silver NPs in an attenuation of allergic airway inflammation have not yet been established. Vascular and mucous changes are believed to contribute largely in pathophysiology in asthma. Among various factors related to vascular changes, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role in vascular changes in asthma. Mucin proteins MUC5AC and MUC5B have been implicated as markers of goblet cell metaplasia in lung pathologies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of silver NPs on VEGF signaling pathways and mucus hypersecretion. Ovalbumin (OVA)-inhaled female BALBc mice were used to evaluate the role of silver NPs and the related molecular mechanisms in allergic airway disease. In this study, with an OVA-induced murine model of allergic airway disease, it was found that the increased levels of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, VEGF, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and phosphorylated-Akt levels, and mucous glycoprotein expression (Muc5ac) in lung tissues were substantially decreased by the administration of silver NPs. In summary, silver NPs substantially suppressed mucus hypersecretion and PI3K/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling pathway in an allergic airway inflammation.
Keywords: allergic airway disease, hypoxia inducible factor-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]