Short-term enzalutamide treatment for the potential remission of active surveillance or intermediate-risk prostate cancer: a case study, review, and the need for a clinical trial
Mark A Moyad,1 Mark C Scholz2
1Department of Urology, Jenkins/Pokempner Preventive and Complementary Medicine, University of Michigan Hospitals and Health Centers, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 2Prostate Oncology Specialists, Marina del Rey, CA, USA
Abstract: Active surveillance (AS) is a widely recognized and utilized option by which prostate cancer patients with less aggressive tumors on diagnosis defer immediate traditional conventional therapy (surgery, radiation) and undergo close monitoring by a physician for any clinical or pathologic changes. The juxtaposition of low- to intermediate-risk elderly patients between effective and conventional treatment with associated risks and monitoring without the opportunity for relief of anxiety and other psychological problems can be significant. Minimal and safe treatment over 6 months with the hope of eliminating the existing disease is of significant interest to prostate cancer patients. Unfortunately, dietary supplements have failed to improve and have sometimes even contributed to disease progression. In addition, the use of multiple medications is not always appropriate or safe. In this case study, we administered low doses of enzalutamide (80 mg/day–120 mg/day) in an AS patient during a 6 month period. Results showed a significant reduction in tumor size, as evidenced by magnetic resonance imaging and color Doppler, as well as a an undetectable level of prostate specific antigen during, and immediately following treatment. The use of an oral second-generation androgen-receptor signaling inhibitor was shown to be of benefit to patients unwilling to pursue AS and conventional treatment. Administration of enzalutamide did not reduce testosterone levels, but helped maintain good quality of life, was more cost effective at low doses, and was previously shown to be heart healthy and efficacious during early stages of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Although we do not advocate enzalutamide as a treatment approach in these situations, we believe that a clinical trial to evaluate short-term low-dose treatment using enzalutamide is warranted.
Keywords: enzalutamide, prostate cancer, active surveillance, dietary supplements, 5α-reductase inhibitors
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]