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Sex differences in clinical characteristics and 1-year outcomes of young ischemic stroke patients in East China

Authors Geng C, Lin Y, Tang Q, Tang Y, Wang X, Zhou JS, Yang J, Zheng D, Zhang YD

Received 10 August 2018

Accepted for publication 23 November 2018

Published 19 December 2018 Volume 2019:15 Pages 33—38

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S182232

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang


Video abstract presented by Yapeng Lin.

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Cong Geng,1,2,* Yapeng Lin,3,* Qin Tang,3 Yifang Tang,3 Xiaoqing Wang,3 Jun-shan Zhou,1 Jie Yang,3 Danni Zheng,4,5 Ying-dong Zhang1

For the Nanjing First Hospital Stroke Registry Investigators

1Department of Neurology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210006, China; 2Department of Emergency, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215000, China; 3Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College, Xindu, Chengdu 610500, China; 4Centre for Big Data Research in Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2033, NSW, Australia; 5The George Institute for Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2033, NSW, Australia

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Data concerning sex differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes of young ischemic stroke (IS) patients in Eastern China are scarce. Understanding sex differences in clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of young IS patients might provide valuable evidence for designing preventative measures and therapeutic interventions.
Methods: The study included 228 acute IS patients aged up to 50 years recruited in the prospective Nanjing First Hospital Stroke Registry over a 5-year period. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine whether there were sex differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes of young IS patients.
Results: Admission systolic blood pressure (130.12±24.3 vs 137.96±24.3 mmHg, P=0.005) of women was significantly lower than that of men. Logistic regression showed that young women had poorer outcomes defined as having modified Rankin Scale score of 3–6 at 12 months after the adjustment for history of prior stroke, NIHSS score, and complication of pneumonia (adjusted OR: 3.45; 95% CI: 1.43–8.32).
Conclusion: Our study indicates that there may be significant differences in clinical characteristics between young women and men with acute IS in East China. Young women were more likely to be dead or dependent at 12 months after stroke onset. More attention should be paid to young women’s IS prevention and management in East China.

Keywords: sex differences, young ischemic stroke, clinical characteristics, outcomes

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