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Serratia pneumonia presenting as hemoptysis in a patient with sarcoidosis: a case report

Authors Zarogoulidis P, Porpodis K, Konoglou M, Koulelidis A, Mitrakas A, Matthaios D, Touzopoulos P, Archontogeorgis K, Archontogeorgis K, Zarogoulidis K, Tryfon S

Published 8 September 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 661—664


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Paul Zarogoulidis1, Konstantinos Porpodis1, Maria Konoglou2, Maria Saroglou2, Alexandros Mitrakas1, Dimitrios Matthaios3, Panagiotis Touzopoulos1, Konstantinos Archontogeorgis4, Andrew Koulelidis4, Konstantinos Zarogoulidis1, Stavros Tryfon2
1Pulmonary Department, “G. Papanikolaou” General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece; 21st Pulmonary Clinic, “G. Papanikolaou” General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece; 31st Internal Medicine Department, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Greece; 4Pulmonary Department, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Introduction: Serratia marcescens is a Gram-negative bacillus which belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae. It is a facultative anaerobe and produces red pigment at room temperature. It naturally occurs in soil and water as well as the intestines, and it is responsible for nosocomial infections. There have been few reports about community acquired pneumonia of Serratia.
Case presentation: This report presents a 37-year-old man with hemoptysis, fever, and shortness of breath. The clinical and laboratory examinations revealed that the patient had pseudohemoptysis due to S. marcescens pneumonia, on an immunocompromised pattern, because of the coexistence of sarcoidosis (stage 1).
Conclusion: Appropriate antibiotic therapy for Serratia was administered, and the patient's symptoms regressed. The patient is healthy and asymptomatic after 1-year follow-up. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of a pseudohemoptysis in a patient with pulmonary sarcoidosis.

Keywords: Serratia marcescens, pseudohemoptysis, pulmonary sarcoidosis

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