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Self-nanoemulsfiying drug delivery system of bruceine D: a new approach for anti-ulcerative colitis

Authors Dou Y, Zhou J, Wang T, Huang Y, Chen VP, Xie Y, Lin ZX, Gao J, Su Z, Zeng H

Received 15 May 2018

Accepted for publication 2 August 2018

Published 28 September 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 5887—5907


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Yao-Xing Dou,1,2,* Jiang-Tao Zhou,3,4,* Tong-Tong Wang,2 Yan-Feng Huang,1 Vicky Ping Chen,5 You-Liang Xie,1 Zhi-Xiu Lin,6 Jian-Sheng Gao,7 Zi-Ren Su,1 Hui-Fang Zeng2

1Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Shanxi Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Cancer, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 6School of Chinese Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China; 7Guangzhou Baiyunshan Mingxing Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Bruceine D (BD) is a major bioactive component isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal plant Brucea javanica which has been widely utilized to treat dysentery (also known as ulcerative colitis [UC]).
Methods: To improve the water solubility and absolute bioavailability of BD, we developed a self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) composing of MCT (oil), Solutol HS-15 (surfactant), propylene glycol (co-surfactant) and BD. The physicochemical properties and pharmacokinetics of BD-SNEDDS were characterized, and its anti-UC activity and potential mechanism were evaluated in TNBS-induced UC rat model.
Results: The prepared nanoemulsion has multiple beneficial aspects including small mean droplet size, low polydispersity index (PDI), high zeta potential (ZP) and excellent stability. Transmission electron microscopy showed that nanoemulsion droplets contained uniform shape and size of globules. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated that BD-SNEDDS exhibited enhanced pharmacokinetic parameters as compared with BD-suspension. Moreover, BD-SNEDDS significantly restored the colon length and body weight, reduced disease activity index (DAI) and colon pathology, decreased histological scores, diminished oxidative stress, and suppressed TLR4, MyD88, TRAF6, NF-κB p65 protein expressions in TNBS-induced UC rat model.
Conclusion: These results demonstrated that BD-SNEDDS exhibited highly improved oral bioavailability and advanced anti-UC efficacy. In conclusion, our current results provided a foundation for further research of BD-SNEDDS as a potential complementary therapeutic agent for UC treatment.

Keywords: bruceine D, self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system, physicochemical properties, pharmacokinetics, anti-inflammation, anti-colitis activity

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