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Seizures and epilepsy in cats

Authors Moore S

Received 4 April 2014

Accepted for publication 23 May 2014

Published 30 July 2014 Volume 2014:5 Pages 41—47

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S62077

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Sarah A Moore

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

Abstract: Seizures are a common presenting complaint in cats, although causes and options for the treatment of seizures in this species have been historically poorly described in the veterinary literature. Seizure manifestation in cats may be different than what is typically seen in dogs, but the underlying causes of seizure activity are the same. These include primary epilepsies, structural epilepsies, and reactive seizures. Although primary epilepsy was once believed to be rare in cats, we now commonly appreciate this syndrome, albeit at a lower frequency than in dogs. Because of this, a complete diagnostic work-up is recommended for all cats presenting for initial evaluation of seizures. Symptomatic treatment of seizures in cats is similar to dogs, with only a few limitations related to species-specific antiepileptic drug toxicities. The goal of this review is to summarize the recent veterinary literature related to feline seizures, with a focus on seizure classification, clinical manifestation, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment options.

Keywords: antiepileptic drug, seizure classification, levetiracetam, zonisamide, phenobarbital

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