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Segmentation and removal of fibrovascular membranes with high-speed 23 G transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy, in severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Authors Celik E, Sever O, Horozoglu F, Yanyalı A

Received 26 August 2015

Accepted for publication 16 February 2016

Published 17 May 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 903—910

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S95145

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gokcen Gökçe

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Erkan Celik,1 Ozkan Sever,2 Fatih Horozoglu,2 Ates Yanyali3

1Sakarya University Medical Education and Research Hospital, Sakarya, 2Namik Kemal University, School of Medicine, Tekirdag, 3Haydarpasa Numune Medical Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Aim:
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of high-speed (5,000 cuts per minute) 23 G transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) in severe diabetic fibrovascular proliferation (DFVP).
Patients and methods: In this retrospective consecutive case series, patients who underwent 23 G TSV for severe DFVP between October 2011 and March 2014 at our institution were evaluated. 23 G TSV was performed with a high-speed (5,000 cuts per minute) cutter without a chandelier light.
Results:
The mean follow-up period was 8 months (range: 4–23 months). Of the 27 eyes of 27 patients, 14 eyes (52%) underwent concomitant phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation, nine eyes (33%) were pseudophakic, and four eyes were phakic (15%). DFVP was removed with ease in all, and visual acuity was improved in 18 (67%) eyes. Iatrogenic retinal tear was observed in four eyes (15%) and treated successfully during surgery. Suture placement to a single sclerotomy was performed in eight eyes (30%). Postoperative intraocular hemorrhage was observed in five eyes (18%). Cataract formation was observed in two of the four phakic eyes. Three (11%) patients had postoperative intraocular pressure rise. Postoperative hypotony (≤6 mmHg) and endophthalmitis were not observed in any eye.
Conclusion: The segmentation and removal of fibrovascular membranes with high-speed 23 G TSV seems to be a safe and easy method in severe diabetic eye disease.

Keywords:
diabetic fibrovascular proliferation, transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy, high speed

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