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Satisfaction and expressed needs of pharmaceutical care services and challenges recognized by patients in South Korea

Authors Kang J, Rhew K, Oh JM, Han N, Lee IH, Je NK, Ji E, Lee E, Yoon J, Rhie SJ

Received 11 May 2017

Accepted for publication 13 July 2017

Published 11 August 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 1381—1388

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S141562

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

JiEun Kang,1,2,* Kiyon Rhew,3,* Jung Mi Oh,4 NaYoung Han,4 Iyn-Hyang Lee,5 Nam Kyung Je,6 Eunhee Ji,7 Euni Lee,4 Jeong-Hyun Yoon,6 Sandy Jeong Rhie1

1Division of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate School, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Pharmacy, National Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3College of Pharmacy, Dongduk Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 4College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 5College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea; 6College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea; 7College of Pharmacy, Gachon University, Incheon, Republic of Korea

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose: To assess the degree of satisfaction and expressed needs of pharmaceutical care services in patients with chronic diseases and explore the factors related to the needs from patients’ perspectives for the further development of pharmaceutical care service models.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional survey of 220 patients (mean age ± SD: 61.3±13.1, male:female: 104:116) was conducted. The questionnaire was structured to measure patients’ degree of satisfaction and expressed needs using a 5-point Likert scale. Additionally, preferred duration, methods of service delivery, and willingness to pay were surveyed. Responses were analyzed using an ordinal regression method to predict factors that were related to pharmaceutical care services.
Results: Sixty-seven patients had experienced pharmaceutical care services. Their satisfaction levels were high in all categories; however, there were no significant differences between ­categories. The levels of expressed needs were similar among categories without significant differences. The preferred delivery method was a face-to-face conversation combined with being provided with written information (53.2%). The preferred duration was ≤10 min (70.5%). About 48% of the patients showed willingness to pay for the service. Education level and region influenced patients’ needs.
Conclusion: The satisfaction and needs of pharmaceutical care services was very positive; however, noticing only a third of patients experienced pharmaceutical care services, this may indicate a lack of awareness and less appreciation of pharmacists by patients. Details concerning patients’ awareness and the value of pharmaceutical care services require further investigation.

Keywords: pharmaceutical care service, satisfaction, needs, patient perspective

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