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Satisfaction analysis of patients with single implant treatments based on a questionnaire survey

Authors Dong H, Zhou N, Liu H, Huang HH, Yang GW, Chen L, Ding M, Mou YB

Received 10 January 2019

Accepted for publication 4 April 2019

Published 7 May 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 695—704

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S201088

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu


Heng Dong,1,* Na Zhou,1,* Hui Liu,1,* Haohao Huang,2 Guangwen Yang,1 Li Chen,1 Meng Ding,3 Yongbin Mou1
 
*These authors contributed equally to this work
 
1Department of Oral Implantology, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing,Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 3Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China

Background: The factors influencing satisfaction of the patients with implant treatments are still unclear. This study aims to evaluate the patients’ satisfaction and to identify influencing factors, which will improve the medical quality of oral implantology.
Materials and methods: Patients who lost single teeth and received implant treatments were enrolled in Nanjing Stomatological Hospital between February 2016 and March 2018. A questionnaire survey was performed to assess patient satisfaction and data were collected at four time points. Information included gender, age, educational level, application of bone augmentation, type of prosthetic restoration, period of teeth loss, dentist qualification, and tooth position. Meanwhile, the satisfaction of the patients was evaluated by visual analog scale.
Results: A total of 373 patients completed the questionnaires. The mean of overall satisfaction score was 69.05±7.10. Lower overall satisfaction score was found in patients who received bone augmentation (P<0.001) and those with a longer period of teeth loss (P<0.05). In the bone augmentation group, the elements of pain and complication were significantly associated with a decrease in the median satisfaction score (P<0.001), and a similar result was obtained form the duration of operative time and healing response (P<0.001). On the other hand, the satisfaction scores for elements including the duration of operative time and healing response (P<0.05), aesthetics and psychology (P<0.05), and chewing function (P<0.05) decreased with an extended period of teeth loss. Meanwhile, over half of respondents were more concerned about the survival time (40.70%) and success rate (20.49%) of implants.
Conclusion: Bone augmentation and the period of teeth loss are negative factors affecting patient satisfaction, and the success rate and survival time of implants are considerable aspects for patients. It is essential to raise general awareness of oral hygiene and optimize the dental implant therapeutic process.

Keywords: dental implant, dental satisfaction, bone augmentation, period of teeth loss

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