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Safety of early oral feeding after total laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (SOFTLY-1): a single-center randomized controlled trial

Authors Wang Q, Yang KL, Guo BY, Shang LF, Yan ZD, Yu J, Zhang D, Ji G

Received 31 December 2018

Accepted for publication 25 March 2019

Published 29 May 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 4839—4846


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Quan Wang,1,2 Ke-Lu Yang,1,3–4 Bo-Yang Guo,1 Li-Feng Shang,1 Zun-Dong Yan,1 Juan Yu,1 Di Zhang,1 Gang Ji1

1Department of Digestive Surgery, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Disease, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery & Laboratory of Surgical Oncology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Peking University, Beijing 100044, People’s Republic of China; 3Evidence-Based Nursing Center, School of Nursing, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 735000, People’s Republic of China; 4Key Laboratory of Evidence Based Medicine and Knowledge Translation of Gansu Province, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 735000, People’s Republic of China

Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore the safety and feasibility of early oral feeding (EOF) on short-term postoperative outcomes.
Trial design: A prospective randomized non-inferiority trial.
Materials and methods: From August 27, 2015 to March 31, 2017, 100 consecutive patients with gastric cancer in Xijing Hospital were recruited. Patients undergoing total laparoscopic radical gastrectomy (TLRG) received either EOF group or delayed oral feeding (DOF group). The endpoints were anastomotic leakage, the recovery of bowel function, the postoperative complications and costs. The process of randomization used a computer-generated sequence that was kept in a sealed envelope by a nurse that did not participate in the trial. None of the participants, administrators of interventions and those assessing outcomes was blinded.
Results: Ultimately, 51 patients were in EOF group and 49 in DOF group, which both are comparable. The postoperative hospital stay in EOF group was significantly lower than DOF group (5.18±1.47 days vs 6.18±2.46 days, P=0.016). Furthermore, there was a trend for a reduction in the time of first flatus (10.3 hrs) and defecation (12.7 hrs) in EOF group compared to DOF group, but it was not statistically significant. Meanwhile, there were no significant differences in postoperative complications between two groups. One patient in the EOF group developed a fistula in the surgical remnant, which was recorded as other leakages; there was no difference between the two groups (P=0.582).
Conclusion: EOF does not seem to be more harmful than DOF, and might significantly improve the short-term outcomes for patients receiving TLRG.

Keywords: gastric cancer, laparoscopic gastrectomy, early oral feeding, postoperative fistula, anastomotic leakage, enhanced recovery after surgery, ERAS

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