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Safety and Efficacy of PD-1 Inhibitors Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcomas: A Retrospective Study

Authors Tian Z, Yang Y, Yang J, Zhang P, Zhang F, Du X, Li C, Wang J

Received 4 November 2019

Accepted for publication 14 February 2020

Published 24 February 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 1339—1346

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S237300

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Beicheng Sun


Zhichao Tian,1 Yonghao Yang,2 Jinpo Yang,3 Peng Zhang,1 Fan Zhang,1 Xinhui Du,1 Chao Li,1 Jiaqiang Wang1

1Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450008, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Immunotherapy, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450008, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Medical Oncology, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450008, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jiaqiang Wang
Department of Orthopaedics, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450008, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-187 3718 7831
Fax +86-371-6596 1505
Email doctorwangjiaqiang@126.com

Purpose: Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) inhibitors are ineffective as monotherapy for the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas (STS). However, increasing evidence shows that the combination of PD-1 inhibitors and chemotherapy is efficacious and safe for many types of malignancies, including STS. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of doxorubicin chemotherapy plus PD-1 inhibitor in the treatment of metastatic STS.
Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 21 patients with metastatic STS who received doxorubicin chemotherapy plus a PD-1 inhibitor between November 2017 and October 2018.
Results: The objective response rate was 47.6%, the disease control rate was 71.40%, and the median progression-free survival was 6 months (95% CI, 2– 8 months). The average change in target lesion diameter from baseline was − 25.15 ± 41.61. Majority of the patients experienced grade 1/2 adverse events (AEs), the grade 3/4 AEs were few. The most common grade 3/4 AEs were as follows: leukopenia (23.8%) and anemia (19.0%). Immune-related AEs were common and included hypothyroidism (14.3%) and pneumonitiss (9.5%). No drug related deaths occurred.
Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence that the combination of doxorubicin chemotherapy and PD-1 inhibitor for advanced STS is safe and effective. We plan to conduct randomized clinical trials to confirm and characterize the activity of the chemotherapy-immunotherapy combinations in the treatment of sarcomas.

Keywords: pembrolizumab, camrelizumab, doxorubicin, immunotherapy

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