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Ruguo key genes and tumor driving factors identification of bladder cancer based on the RNA-seq profile

Authors Zhang M, Li H, Zou D, Gao J

Received 16 July 2015

Accepted for publication 11 November 2015

Published 5 May 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 2717—2723


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Ram Prasad

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Daniele Santini

Minglei Zhang,1 Hongyan Li,2 Di Zou,3 Ji Gao2

1Department of Orthopedics, Division of Tumor and Trauma Surgery, 2Department of Urology, China–Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, 3Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, People’s Republic of China

Aim: This study aimed to select several signature genes associated with bladder cancer, thus to investigate the possible mechanism in bladder cancer.
Methods: The mRNA expression profile data of GSE31614, including ten bladder tissues and ten control samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in bladder cancer samples compared with the control samples were screened using the Student’s t-test method. Functional analysis for the DEGs was analyzed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery from the Gene Ontology database, followed by the transcription function annotation of DEGs from Tumor-Associated Gene database. Motifs of genes that had transcription functions in promoter region were analyzed using the Seqpos.
Results: A total of 1,571 upregulated and 1,507 downregulated DEGs in the bladder cancer samples were screened. ELF3 and MYBL2 involved in cell cycle and DNA replication were tumor suppressors. MEG3, APEX1, and EZH2 were related with the cell epigenetic regulation in bladder cancer. Moreover, HOXB9 and EN1 that have their own motif were the transcription factors.
Conclusion: Our study has identified several key genes involved in bladder cancer. ELF3 and MYBL2 are tumor suppressers, HOXB9 and EN1 are the main regulators, while MEG3, APEX1, and EZH2 are driving factors for bladder cancer progression.

Keywords: bladder cancer, differentially expressed genes, tumor driving factor, function analysis

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