Rotavirus gastroenteritis in children under 5 years in the Kingdom of Bahrain: hospital-based surveillance
Muna Al Musawi,1 Hassan Zainaldeen,2 Fakrudeen Shafi,3 Sameh Anis,4 Rodrigo DeAntonio5
1Public Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Manama, the Kingdom of Bahrain; 2Pediatric Department, Salmaniya Medical Complex, the Kingdom of Bahrain, Manama; 3GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, Bangalore, India; 4GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, Middle East and North Africa; 5GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines, Wavre, Belgium
Purpose: Rotavirus (RV) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age worldwide. This study assessed the role of RV as a cause of gastroenteritis (GE)-associated hospitalization in children, generating baseline information to evaluate the potential impact of the RV vaccine in reducing RVGE disease burden in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
Methods: This single, pediatric hospital-based surveillance study was conducted over a period of 12 months beginning April 1, 2006. A total of 314 children aged under 5 years and hospitalized due to GE were enrolled in the study, following collection of written informed consent from parents/guardians. Stool samples were tested for the presence of RV using enzyme immunoassay, and a random subset of RV-positive samples was further genotyped using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and reverse hybridization assay.
Results: Of 314 enrolled children, 239 were included in the final analysis. RV was detected in 107 children (44.8%), mostly in the 6–23 months age group (82/107; 76.6%). RVGE occurred throughout the year, with the highest proportion occurring during April (26/42; 61.9%). G1P was the most commonly detected RV strain (10/17; 58.8%) in the limited number of samples analyzed. Vomiting and severe RVGE were more commonly observed in RV-positive than RV-negative children before hospitalization (P = 0.0008 and 0.0204, respectively).
Conclusion: In our study, RV accounted for over 40% of GE-associated hospitalizations and particularly affected children under 2 years of age. These data will serve as a baseline for assessing the potential changes in the epidemiology of RV disease and for evaluating the potential impact of the introduction of RV vaccination.
Keywords: rotavirus, gastroenteritis, epidemiology, Kingdom of Bahrain
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]