Role of 3-monthly long-acting injectable paliperidone in the maintenance of schizophrenia
Authors Brasso C, Bellino S, Bozzatello P, Montemagni C, Rocca P
Received 1 September 2017
Accepted for publication 13 October 2017
Published 7 November 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 2767—2779
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Prof. Dr. Roumen Kirov
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Claudio Brasso, Silvio Bellino, Paola Bozzatello, Cristiana Montemagni, Paola Rocca
Department of Neurosciences “Rita Levi Montalcini”, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Aims: Paliperidone palmitate 3-month (PP3M) represents a new long-acting injectable antipsychotic therapeutic option. This review aims: 1) to summarize available data relating to efficacy, safety, tolerability and costs of PP3M; 2) to describe hospitalization rate, occupational status, treatment preference, satisfaction, adherence and caregiver burden of patients with schizophrenia who participate in PP3M clinical trials; 3) to examine ethical implications, pros and cons of PP3M use and 4) to propose study designs to further assess PP3M.
Methods: On August 21, 2017, a search on PubMed about PPM3, without any filter restriction, was conducted and all available records were analyzed. Records written in a language other than English were excluded.
Results: Twenty-two records were included in this review: 6 reviews, 1 report, 4 pharmacokinetic studies, 2 cost-effectiveness analyses, 1 open-label clinical trial, 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 5 studies based on these 2 RCTs and 1 observational study.
Discussion: According to these last 9 studies, when compared with placebo, PP3M showed a longer time to relapse and good safety and tolerability profiles. Furthermore, when compared with paliperidone palmitate 1 month (PP1M), PP3M treatment showed: 1) non-inferiority in terms of efficacy, safety, tolerability, rate of hospitalization, symptomatic and functional remission, treatment preference and variations of the occupational status; 2) a longer time to relapse after treatment discontinuation and 3) a similar reduction of the caregiver burden.
Conclusion: PP3M is the only 3-monthly long-acting injectable antipsychotic available on the market. This makes it a unique option of treatment, which could be chosen both in early and advanced phases of illness. Nonetheless, longer naturalistic follow-up studies, two-arm head-to-head superiority trials and mirror studies, based on real-world samples of patients, are needed to further assess long-term safety and advantages of this new option of treatment and to define patients’ sub-populations that would most beneficiate from it.
Keywords: PP3M, paliperidone palmitate, LAI, antipsychotic, clinical assessment, advantages and disadvantages
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]