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Risk Perception Towards COVID-19 and Its Associated Factors Among Waiters in Selected Towns of Southwest Ethiopia

Authors Asefa A, Qanche Q, Hailemariam S, Dhuguma T, Nigussie T

Received 12 August 2020

Accepted for publication 21 October 2020

Published 13 November 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2601—2610

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S276257

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Adane Asefa,1 Qaro Qanche,1 Shewangizaw Hailemariam,2 Tadesse Dhuguma,3 Tadesse Nigussie1

1Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia; 2Department of Midwifery, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia; 3Department of Medical Laboratory, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Adane Asefa
Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Mizan -Tepi University, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia
Email [email protected]

Background: Waiters working in hotels, pensions, restaurants, and cafeteria are more susceptible to COVID-19 and easily transmit the virus to others because they interact with almost all individuals who enter those establishments. However, information regarding their risk perception is scarce; hence, this study aimed to assess risk perception regarding COVID-19 and its associated factors among waiters working in the selected towns of southwest Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 1 to 15, 2020. The interview-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were entered into Epi data manager version 4.0.2 and exported to SPSS version 24 for analysis. Multiple linear regression analysis was done to identify factors associated with risk perception. A p-value of less than 0.05 was used as a level of significance.
Results: A total of 416 waiters were interviewed, with a 98.6% response rate. The mean age of respondents was 27.26 (SD=8.35) years. More than half (53.4%) agreed that COVID-19 causes more deaths than other respiratory diseases. Regarding overall risk perception, two hundred twenty-two (53.4%) participants had high-risk perceptions concerning COVID-19. Risk perception was associated with age (β= 0.10; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.18), knowledge of COVID-19 (β=0.50, 95% CI: 0.23, 0.76) and preventive behaviors (β=0.62; 95% CI: 0.33, 0.90).
Conclusion: A higher level of risk perception was found regarding the COVID-19. Proper risk communication to promote protective behaviors is very essential since waiters are more at risk to be infected with COVID-19 and their infection with the virus has important public health implications.

Keywords: risk perception, COVID-19, coronavirus, waiters

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