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Risk Perception of International Medical Students About Coronavirus (COVID-19) in China and Their Willingness to Fly Back

Authors Ahmad MI, Naseem MA, Rehman RU, Zhuang W, Ali R, Manzoor MS

Received 22 August 2020

Accepted for publication 31 December 2020

Published 10 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 503—510

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S278338

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau


Muhammad Ishfaq Ahmad,1,2 Muhammad Akram Naseem,2 Ramiz Ur Rehman,2 Weiqing Zhuang,1 Rizwan Ali,2 Muhammad Suhaib Manzoor2

1School of Internet Economics and Business, Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 2Lahore Business School, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Correspondence: Weiqing Zhuang
School of Internet Economics and Business, Fujian University of Technology, No. 33 Xueyuan Road, University Town, Minhou, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-13805012485
Email zmakio@aliyun.com

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the willingness of international medical students enrolled in Chinese universities to return to their home countries based on their risk perception of the recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
Materials and Methods: A well-structured questionnaire was incorporated into the WeChat survey, a special feature within this mobile application, similar to Google Docs. The questionnaire was sent to 1190 international medical students across China between January 1, 2020 and May 15, 2020. A total of 897 completed questionnaires were returned, indicating a 75% response rate.
Results: The survey findings show that the risk perception of international medical students about COVID-19 was low because of the strong preventive measures taken by the Chinese government against COVID-19. Moreover, they were willing to stay in China until the completion of their degrees. In contrast, students who have completed their degrees were willing to return home immediately if possible.
Conclusion: These findings are of serious concern for developing countries where they come from because their return to their home countries may cause an epidemic outbreak in those regions.

Keywords: strong preventive, serious concern, developing countries, epidemic outbreak

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