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Risk of stroke associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Authors Park K, Bavry A

Received 7 September 2013

Accepted for publication 30 October 2013

Published 6 January 2014 Volume 2014:10 Pages 25—32

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S54159

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Video abstract presented by Ki Park.

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Ki Park, Anthony A Bavry

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

Abstract: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), both cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-selective and nonselective agents, have been associated with the increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. The majority of studies have focused on myocardial infarction as the primary cardiovascular outcome. However, the association between NSAIDs and the risk of stroke events is not as clear, although an understanding of this association is important since stroke continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Various factors may contribute to an association between NSAIDs and stroke, including hypertension and thrombosis. Additionally, the risk may vary with different NSAID types. In this review, we discuss the relevant literature assessing the possible association between NSAID use and stroke events, along with the potential mechanisms and the possible directions for future study.

Keywords: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cardiovascular, stroke, cyclooxygenase, adverse events

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