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Risk Factors for Lymph Node Metastasis and Survival Outcomes in Colorectal Neuroendocrine Tumors

Authors Wu Z, Wang Z, Zheng Z, Bi J, Wang X, Feng Q

Received 7 April 2020

Accepted for publication 14 July 2020

Published 11 August 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 7151—7164


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Zijian Wu, Zhijie Wang, Zhaoxu Zheng, Jianjun Bi, Xishan Wang, Qiang Feng

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Qiang Feng Department of Colorectal Surgery
National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 17 Panjiayuan South Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100021, People’s Republic of China

Objective: The aim of our study was to analyze the factors affecting lymph node metastasis (LNM) and the prognosis of colorectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).
Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted to collect the clinical data of 135 patients with colorectal NETs from January 2000 to December 2018, including clinical manifestations, pathological results, treatment methods, etc. Follow-up was regularly performed to observe the recurrence and metastasis of tumors and to identify the clinical and pathological features of colorectal NETs, risk factors for LNM and survival outcomes.
Results: Among 135 patients, there were 57 (42.2) patients with LNM, and the independent risk factors for LNM in the multivariable analyses were tumor diameter ≥ 2 cm (P= 0.040) and tumor grade G3 (P=0.001). Patients were followed up for 1 to 190 months, and of the 133 patients who were successfully followed up, the 5-year OS was 71.7%, and the 5-year PFS was 69.0%. The multivariate analysis for survival outcomes showed that age ≥ 65 years (P=0.002/< 0.001) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.018/0.025) were independent risk factors affecting 5-year PFS and OS in colorectal neuroendocrine tumors. Tumors in the colon (P=0.022), moderately positive (++) CgA (P=0.010) and strongly positive (+++) CgA (P=0.007) were independent risk factors for poor 5-year PFS in patients with colorectal NETs.
Conclusion: Rectal NETs have a better prognosis than colonic neuroendocrine tumors. Tumor diameter and tumor grade are independent risk factors for LNM in colorectal neuroendocrine tumors. Age, tumor location, lymph node status and a positive level of the neuroendocrine marker CgA are independent risk factors that affect the prognosis of colorectal NETs.

Keywords: colorectal neoplasms, neuroendocrine neoplasms, lymph node metastasis, prognosis, survival analysis

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