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Risk Factors for Anterior Cortical Impingement of Short Cephalomedullary Nail in Chinese Elderly Patients with Intertrochanteric Fracture

Authors Nie S, Li M, Li J, Zhao Y, Cui X, Xu G, Zhang L, Zhang W, Tang P

Received 3 March 2020

Accepted for publication 31 May 2020

Published 18 June 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 523—530

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S252214

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang


Shaobo Nie,* Ming Li,* Jiantao Li, Yanpeng Zhao, Xiang Cui, Gaoxiang Xu, Licheng Zhang, Wei Zhang, Peifu Tang

Department of Orthopedics, The First Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Orthopedics, Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation, Beijing 100853, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Wei Zhang; Peifu Tang
Department of Orthopedics, The First Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Orthopedics, Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation, Beijing 100853, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-10-68212342
Email bszw@hotmail.com; pftang301@163.com

Background: Anterior cortical impingement is a common phenomenon after intramedullary fixation in Asian patients with intertrochanteric fractures. It may cause thigh pain and even fracture of the femoral shaft, which may seriously affect postoperative rehabilitation and limb function of patients. However, little was known about risk factors for anterior cortical impingement in Chinese elderly after intramedullary nailing. Hence, the aim of this study was to certify the risk factors for anterior cortical impingement treated with intramedullary nails of intertrochanteric fracture, hoping to provide suggestions for surgical treatment.
Patients and Methods: A retrospective consecutive series of 94 patients who had been diagnosed as intertrochanteric fracture at our institution was included from January 2019 to November 2019. All patients were treated with intramedullary fixation and followed up for at least 6 months. Demographic, surgical and anesthesiologic information, as well as radiographic data and complications were collected and reviewed.
Results: The ratio of anterior cortical impingement is significantly higher in female patients than that of males (80.4% vs 18.6%, P=0.041). Higher incidence of anterior cortical impingement was found in the longer intramedullary nail group, especially in females. Gender (as a female patient) and length of nail were significant risk factors for anterior cortical impingement in intertrochanteric fracture patients treated with intramedullary nail (OR =2.662, 95% CI =1.010– 7.018, P=0.447; OR =1.047, 95% CI =1.016– 1.079, respectively). The length of nail was a risk factor for anterior cortical impingement in female intertrochanteric fracture patients treated with intramedullary nail (OR =1.051, 95% CI =1.015– 1.089).
Conclusion: Elderly female patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with intramedullary nails had a higher incidence of anterior cortical impingement. The length of short intramedullary nail is a risk factor for anterior cortical impingement. Patients with anterior cortical impingement may suffer serious complications.

Keywords: anterior cortical impingement, intramedullary nail, risk factors, intertrochanteric fracture

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