Review of teriflunomide and its potential in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
Clemens Warnke1, Gerd Meyer zu Hörste1, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Olaf Stüve2,3,4, Bernd C Kieseier1
1Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Neurology Section, VA North Texas Health Care System, Medical Service, Dallas, TX, USA; 3Department of Neurology; 4Department of immunology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USA
Abstract: In the light of new cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and induced autoimmunity in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who received treatment with upcoming disease-modifying immunosuppressant drugs with a highly specific mode of action such as natalizumab, rituximab, or alemtuzumab, alternative oral treatment options for a subgroup of less severely affected MS patients are a major focus of drug development. These agents are currently investigated in phase III clinical trials and some of them are characterized by a favorable safety profile. With an emphasis on teriflunomide, the active metabolite of an immunosuppressant approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis since 1998, a number of oral treatment options for patients with MS are discussed.
Keywords: teriflunomide, multiple sclerosis, immunosuppressant, oral drugs
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF]