Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 8 » Issue 1

Reversing chemoresistance of malignant glioma stem cells using gold nanoparticles

Authors Orza A, Soriţău O, Tomuleasa C, Olenic L, Florea A, Pana O, Bratu I, Pall E, Florian S, Casciano D, Biris A, Yoshiyuki T

Received 29 August 2012

Accepted for publication 22 October 2012

Published 1 March 2013 Volume 2013:8(1) Pages 689—702


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Anamaria Orza,1,2 Olga Soriţău,3 Ciprian Tomuleasa,3,4 Liliana Olenic,5 Adrian Florea,4 Ovidiu Pana,5 Ioan Bratu,5 Emoke Pall,6 Stefan Florian,3 Dan Casciano,2 Alexandru S Biris2

1Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 2Center for Integrative Nanotechnology Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, AR, USA; 3Ion Chiricuta Oncology Institute, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 4Faculty of General Medicine, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 5National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 6Department of Research, University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Abstract: The low rate of survival for patients diagnosed with glioblastoma may be attributed to the existence of a subpopulation of cancer stem cells. These stem cells have certain properties that enable them to resist chemotherapeutic agents and ionizing radiation. Herein, we show that temozolomide-loaded gold nanostructures are efficient in reducing chemoresistance and destroy 82.7% of cancer stem cells compared with a 42% destruction rate using temozolomide alone. Measurements of in vitro cytotoxicity and apoptosis indicate that combination with gold facilitated the ability of temozolomide, an alkylating drug, to alter the resistance of these cancer stem cells, suggesting a new chemotherapy strategy for patients diagnosed with inoperable recurrent malignant glioma.

Keywords: gold nanoparticles, drug delivery, temozolomide therapy, temozolomide stability, cancer stem cells, recurrent high-grade gliomas

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Readers of this article also read:

Emerging and future therapies for hemophilia

Carr ME, Tortella BJ

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:245-255

Published Date: 3 September 2015

A new recombinant factor VIII: from genetics to clinical use

Santagostino E

Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2014, 8:2507-2515

Published Date: 12 December 2014

Second case report of successful electroconvulsive therapy for a patient with schizophrenia and severe hemophilia A

Saito N, Shioda K, Nisijima K, Kobayashi T, Kato S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:865-867

Published Date: 16 May 2014

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

The use of PEGylated liposomes in the development of drug delivery applications for the treatment of hemophilia

Rivka Yatuv, Micah Robinson, Inbal Dayan-Tarshish, et al

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2010, 5:581-591

Published Date: 6 August 2010