Reversal of direct oral anticoagulants
Department of Medicine, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Abstract: Reversal agents for direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), including factor X inhibitors and direct thrombin inhibitors, are a major concern in clinical practice. After DOACs were introduced and became widely used as an alternative for vitamin K antagonists in the management of venous thromboembolism and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, the need for effective reversal agents has increased, particularly for life-threatening bleeding episodes related to DOACs or to reverse medication effects during urgent interventions. In the absence of specific reversal agents, prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) and activated PCC are reasonable options to reverse bleeding associated with DOACs. However, high-quality clinical evidence is lacking. Idarucizumab is the only agent approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to reverse the effects of dabigatran; andexanet alfa and ciraparantag are also under evaluation as reversal agents for DOACs. This review summarizes the current evidence for nonspecific and specific reversal of DOACs.
Keywords: idarucizumab, andexanet alfa, ciraparantag, direct oral anticoagulant, reversal agents
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]