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Increased Levels of Serum Glycosylated Hemoglobin are Associated with Depressive Symptoms in a Population with Cancer (≥49 Years): An Antidepressant-Stratified Analysis [Retraction]

Authors Huang Y, Xu Y, Liu A

Received 15 July 2021

Accepted for publication 15 July 2021

Published 27 July 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 1455—1456


Huang Y, Xu Y, Liu A. Clin Interv Aging. 2021;16:205–212.

The Editor-in-chief and Publisher of Clinical Interventions in Aging wish to retract the published paper. A review by The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) investigation team found it was not possible to replicate the numbers reported in the article and raised concerns the authors had inaccurately interpreted the data. Some of these concerns are specified below.

  • The participant flow chart within the manuscript (Figure 1), is reported inaccurately citing “8054” participants rather than “8504” participants. All subsequent figures and analyses appear to have been reported to fit this initial error, leaving these figures and analyses inaccurate throughout the rest of the article.
  • Within the paper’s title, and throughout the article “>49 years”, or “≥50 years” should have been used when referring to the sample’s age, rather than “≥49 years”. In the publicly accessible dataset, it was not possible to determine the precise age of those aged
  • Descriptions on Page 206 indicate the authors did not fully understand the TILDA study design and methodology:
    • “TILDA also approves applications for privileged access to the data set by a website called ‘hot desk’.” The hot desks are physical PCs located in Trinity College Dublin and St James’s Hospital Dublin, not a website, and there is no remote access to non-public data.
    • “In summary, all subjects who have finished the self-completed questionnaire and computer-aided personal interview (CAPI) were invited to take a health examination in one of the health centres.” The article referred to (Whelan and Savva, 2013) makes it clear that the option of a modified assessment in a participant’s home was offered, which 10% of the study population took up.
    • “Technicians collected blood samples from all included subjects on the same day after they finished the self- completed questionnaire and the CAPI. The measurement procedures and methods of serum GHb levels in the cohort subjects were published elsewhere.” This refers to Whelan and Savva (2013) which is the only paper involved in the design, conduct or direct analysis of TILDA data to which the authors refer. However, Whelan and Savva (2013) does not contain this information (it has no reference to methods for collection or measurement of blood samples), and the CAPI is not completed in the health assessment centre but in the home with a trained interviewer, while the SCQ is completed in the home privately and returned to TILDA by the participant.

The authors did respond to our queries and agreed that several errors relating to the collection and interpretation of data had been made. The authors wish to apologise for these errors and agree with the decision to retract the article.

Our decision-making was informed by our policy on publishing ethics and integrity and the COPE guidelines on retraction.

The retracted article will remain online to maintain the scholarly record, but it will be digitally watermarked on each page as “Retracted”.

This retraction relates to this paper

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