Retinoschisis and macular detachment associated with acquired enlarged optic disc cup
María Moreno-López, Julio José González-López, Elena Jarrín, Josefina Bertrand
Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
Abstract: We describe a case of maculopathy consisting of macular retinoschisis and serous macular detachment occurring in a patient with an acquired enlarged optic disc cup, similar to the maculopathy observed in congenital optic nerve abnormalities, mainly optic nerve pits and colobomas, without vitreomacular traction nor angiographic leak. Pars plana vitrectomy with argon laser endophotocoagulation and gas tamponade was found to be useful. Traction from membranes covering deep optic disc cups may create small retinal dehiscences, as described in congenital optic nerve abnormalities, which will enable the liquefied vitreous to pass, leading to retinoschisis with or without associated neurosensory detachment. Vitrectomy, photocoagulation, and gas tamponade may be a useful therapy for this entity.
Keywords: glaucoma, macular detachment, macular surgery, optic disc, retinoschisis
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