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Resveratrol inhibits paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain by the activation of PI3K/Akt and SIRT1/PGC1α pathway

Authors Li X, Yang S, Wang L, Liu P, Zhao S, Li H, Jiang Y, Guo Y, Wang X

Received 30 August 2018

Accepted for publication 4 January 2019

Published 4 March 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 879—890


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Katherine Hanlon

Xiaoning Li,1 Shuhong Yang,1 Liang Wang,1 Peng Liu,1 Shuang Zhao,1 Huizhou Li,1 Yuqing Jiang,2 Yuexian Guo,2 Xiuli Wang1

1Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Qiaoxi District, Shijiazhuang 050051, China; 2Department of Urology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Qiaoxi District, Shijiazhuang 050051, China

Background: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) is one of the essential signaling pathways for the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain.
Objective: To investigate the effect of resveratrol (RES) on paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain in rats and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms.
Method: Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven groups (n=10/group): Group C, Group P, Group R, Group R+P, Group LY + R+P, Group LY (the specific inhibitor of PI3K), Group E (the specific inhibitor of sirtuin 1 [Sirt1]). Paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) were recorded. Mitochondrial histomorphology was performed by transmission electron microscope. PI3K, p-Akt, and t-Akt expressions were tested using immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect p-Akt, t-Akt, SIRT1, and PGC1α expressions. The apoptosis in the striatum, spinal dorsal horns (SDH), and dorsal root ganglions (DRG) tissues was assayed by TUNEL. ELISA was used to detect the contents of IL-β, IL-10, malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in striatum, SDH, and DRG tissues.
Results: Compared to the control group, PWT and TWL in the P and LY +R+P groups were significantly decreased on 8th and 14th day after paclitaxel administration (P<0.05). The expressions of p-Akt, SIRT1, and PGC1α were decreased in paclitaxel-induced neuropathic rats; however, the expressions of p-Akt, SIRT1, and PGC1α were significantly increased after RES treatment (P<0.05). Furthermore, the expression of p-Akt was decreased by LY294002 (P<0.05), and amount of SIRT1 and PGC1α expression was inhibited by EX-527 (P<0.05). The t-Akt level was not significantly changed in all groups. RES prevented paclitaxel-induced mitochondrial damage by PI3K/Akt. RES improves the pain symptoms of paclitaxel neuralgia rats by increasing the IL-10 and decreasing the expression of IL-1β. RES increases the SOD and reduces the MDA. RES reduces apoptosis by SIRT1/PGC1α signal pathway.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that RES may inhibit paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain via PI3K/Akt and SIRT1/PGC1α pathways.

Keywords: resveratrol, paclitaxel, neuropathic pain, PI3K/Akt, SIRT1/PGC1α

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