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Reslizumab in the management of poorly controlled asthma: the data so far

Authors Maselli D, Velez M, Rogers L

Received 21 April 2016

Accepted for publication 3 June 2016

Published 31 August 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 155—162

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JAA.S94164

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Amrita Dosanjh


Diego Jose Maselli,1 Maria Ines Velez,1 Linda Rogers2

1Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, 2Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division, Mount Sinai—National Jewish Health Respiratory Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA

Abstract: Interleukin-5, an important cytokine in the pathophysiology of asthma, participates in terminal maturation and increases chemotaxis, endothelial adhesion, and activation of eosinophils. Blockade of interleukin-5 activity with monoclonal antibodies have been successful in decreasing eosinophil counts. Reslizumab, a monoclonal antibody that targets interleukin-5, has been studied for the treatment of severe asthma. Several studies have shown that reslizumab can effectively treat severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype. Compared to placebo, patients treated with reslizumab had a reduction in the rates of asthma exacerbations and experienced improvement in FEV1 and asthma control questionnaires scores as early as 4 weeks after the therapy was initiated. Reslizumab was not effective in various asthma outcomes in patients without eosinophilia. The adverse events reported were similar in both treatment and placebo groups. Patients should be observed immediately after treatment because anaphylaxis may occur rarely (0.3%) after exposure to reslizumab. Future surveillance studies are still needed to establish the risks of malignancy and safety during pregnancy.

Keywords:
Sch 55700, reslizumab, anti-IL-5, IL-5 blockage, IL-5 antibody, severe asthma, eosinophilic asthma

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