Report of health checkup system for chronic kidney disease in general population in Okayama city: effect of health guidance intervention on chronic kidney disease outcome
Received 19 December 2018
Accepted for publication 22 May 2019
Published 1 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 143—152
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Pravin Singhal
Yuki Kakio,1 Haruhito A Uchida1,2 Hidemi Takeuchi,1 Yuka Okuyama,1 Ryoko Umebayashi,1 Hiroyuki Watatani,1 Yohei Maeshima,1 Hitoshi Sugiyama,1 Jun Wada1
1Department of Nephrology, Rheumatology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan; 2Department of Chronic Kidney Disease and Cardiovascular Disease, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan
Background: From 2011, Okayama municipal government started the health checkup follow-up project to find those who were unaware of suffering chronic kidney disease and to prevent from aggravation of CKD stage. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of 2 years’ CKD-follow-up project regarding renal function and CKD risks.
Patients and methods: Those who received a health checkup by the national health insurance in Okayama city in 2011 were recruited. The patients with lifestyle-related diseases or metabolic syndrome were excluded. Subjects who had an estimated glomerular filtration rate<50 mL/min/1.73 m2, or urinary protein positive by dipstick test were defined as compromised renal function group. They were recommended to visit a medical institution. Non-compromised renal function participants with two or more risks for CKD (hyperglycemia, higher blood pressure, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia) were recommended to receive a health guidance (risk group). The change of renal function and CKD risks between 2011 and 2013 in each group was examined.
Results: A total of 28,309 people received a health checkup in 2011. In compromised renal function group, 39.5% (96/243) of the subjects improved their CKD stages in 2013 regardless of the visit of medical institutions or the frequency of receiving health checkup. In risk group, 63.4% (260/410) of the subjects decreased their CKD risks in 2013 independent of the reception of health guidance.
Conclusion: In both compromised renal function group and risk group, more than half of subjects kept their kidney function (217/243) and decreased the number of CKD risks (260/410) in 2 years’ follow-up. Receiving a health checkup itself and notification of one’s own health condition could exert a protective effect on kidney function.
Keywords: renal function, life style, prevention medicine, health consciousness
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