Back to Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 4

Relaxing retinotomies and retinectomies in the management of retinal detachment with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR)

Authors Shalaby KA

Published 23 September 2010 Volume 2010:4 Pages 1107—1114


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Khaled AG Shalaby
Opthamology Department, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt; Chief Vitreoretinal Service, Dr Soliman Fakeeh Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Relaxing retinotomies and retinectomies are used in the presence of retinal shortening resulting from retinal incarceration or fibrous proliferation and contraction that prevents contact of the retina with the retinal pigment epithelium. The peripheral retina is usually cut or excised to preserve function of the posterior retina which is more visually significant.
Objective: To investigate the techniques, therapeutic effects, indications, and complications of relaxing retinotomies and retinectomies for complicated retinal detachment with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).
Methods: Thirty eight eyes of 38 patients of complicated retinal detachment with severe PVR were recruited for a noncomparative retrospective study. They were operated on and followed-up for at least six months. The operative technique included buckling, vitrectomy, peeling, relaxing retinotomy and/or retinectomy, intraocular tamponade, and laser treatment.
Results: Retina was reattached in 34 (89.5%) eyes in operations. Retinal detachment was recurrent in seven eyes in follow-up, in which the retina was reattached again in two eyes by a second operation. The final success rate was 76.3% (29 eyes out of 38 eyes). Visual acuity was perception of light with bad projection in 35 (92%) eyes and hand motion in three (8%) eyes before operation. Visual acuity was better than 4/60 in 23 eyes (60.5%) after operation. The complications included iatrogenic retinal breaks, bleeding from the retinotomy site, hypotony, and recurrent fibrous proliferation from the retinotomy site.
Conclusion: Retinotomy and retinectomy can improve the curative effect of complicated retinal detachment. There are potentially serious complications of these maneuvers and they should not be performed if less aggressive measures will suffice.
Keywords: relaxing retinotomy, retinectomy, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, recurrent retinal detachment, iatrogenic retinal breaks, intraoperative hemorrhage, intraocular tamponade, hypotony

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010